The Passover and the Lord’s Supper – Exodus 12:43-51; 13:3-10

In our study of the book of Exodus thus far, we devoted two sermons concerning the Passover which is one of the main events of the book. First in chapter 12 verses 1-13, we saw how the blood of the lamb pointed to Jesus, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Secondly, in chapter 12 verses 14-20, we looked the Feast of Unleavened Bread where we saw that sin, to which leaven points, could only be cured by salvation in Christ. In this our final examination of the Passover, God further elaborates on the institution of the Passover – specifically, who could partake in the Passover, and Moses’ command to the people from God: “Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by a strong hand the Lord brought you out from this place. (13:3)

Next Sunday we shall see how Jesus Christ remembered the Passover and transformed this epic historical event of the LORD passing over His people, into the New Testament ordinance often referred to as the Lord’s Supper. The Lord’s Supper is central to the church and the Lord’s Day gathering of His people. Jesus instituted this ordinance on the very night of the Passover – the night He was to be betrayed. Like the Passover, which was to be remembered by the Israelites, in the Lord’s Supper we too remember the death of Jesus Christ for us on the cross. Paul made this clear in 1 Corinthians 11:23-26, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”

The Lord’s Supper is to be remembered, and as such is a memorial; however, there are other important aspects of the Lord’s Supper that we will consider as well. It is also a “means of grace,” just as the preaching of the Word is. A “means” ‎is simply an instrument or thing through which an effect is extended or communicated. ‎‎“Grace” is a gift or blessing from God. As we partake in the Lord’s Supper we are spiritually feasting on Christ’s body and blood, so the blessing of His death and atonement are extended to us by the Holy Spirit through faith. We will also consider the eschatological aspect of the Lord’s Supper, as we look forward to the day when the Lord returns and we shall feast with Him at the marriage supper of the Lamb (Mt 26:29; Rev 19:6-9)


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