The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. It was a night of watching by the Lord, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the Lord by all the people of Israel throughout their generations. (v. 40-42)
It’s been some four hundred years that the Israelites have been held in bondage in Egypt. After many years in their misery they cried out to God and the LORD heard their cries and remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. That said, their deliverance would come in God’s time and in God’s will. At the set time, and after many plagues upon Egypt, God directed Moses to prepare for the final plague and the exodus to come. Our text opens with the tenth and final plague falling upon the firstborn of all, except those houses and people who were covered by the blood of the Passover lamb. It was a night of judgment but also a night of deliverance. God in His providence displayed His massive power upon Egypt and brought Egypt to its knees, but He also powerfully demonstrated His sovereign grace upon His people. All was done according to His will and in His time.
In our text we see God’s Word come true in the lives of Egypt and the Israelites. First the LORD judged Egypt; second, the LORD delivered His people; third, the LORD gave favor to the ones He delivered; and fourth, the LORD watched over those He delivered. All these things were foretold by God in His Word, first to Abraham, and then to Moses. Our text is an epic part of the book of Exodus and one which is remembered by the Israelites to this very day. It demonstrates to His people that God’s Word is true! God will judge His enemies and He will deliver His people, just as He said! It’s a message we also need to know as believers today. God is still in the business of delivering His people. Not only does He deliver His people from Egypt – a type of the world, but He also delivers us eternally from the punishment we all rightly deserve. You, like me, have family and neighbors who need to be delivered; brethren cry out to God daily that He would have mercy upon them. God heard their cry and I He will hear our cry as well.