The Lord brings charges against His people in Judges 2:1-15. The charge or accusation was very serious; the Israelites had disobeyed God, compromised with the enemies dwelling in the Promised Land and engaged in their false worship. To expose this terrible evil, God sent an angel of the Lord confronted God’s people.
Who was this ‘angel of the Lord?’ The word “angel” (malak) means an envoy, prophet, priest, or teacher. Was this an angel sent from the very presence of God, or a special messenger such as a prophet or priest sent by God? Or was it, as most commentators feel, the Lord Himself who sometimes confronted His people directly?
The Lord was making a very special appearance to expose the sin of His people. Notice that this messenger of the Lord went up from Gilgal to Borim. What does this mean to go up “from Gilgal to Bokim?” Keep in mind that the Tabernacle had been originally set up at Gilgal, by Joshua (Josh. 4:18-20). The Tabernacle symbolized God’s presence. Thus, the writer is probably speaking descriptively, painting the picture of God’s presence going up from the Tabernacle at Gilgal to Bokim. Whatever the case, God went up to expose the people’s sin and to charge them with apostasy, with breaking their covenant to obey Him.
Although the charges of Israel’s unfaithfulness were clearly spelled out in Scripture, nevertheless the angel of the Lord reminded the people of these wonderful facts: It was the Lord Himself who had delivered them from Egyptian slavery and given them the Promised Land – the land promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Morever, the Lord was faithful to keep all His promises which He had proven through the years by the fact that He had never broken His covenant with His people. In fact, not even one word of His promises or covenant had ever been broken. In verse 1 God says, “I will never break my covenant with you.” God would be faithful until the end, but the people would forfeit blessing for trouble, due to their disobedience. Indeed even, if we are faithless, He remains faithful (2 Tim 2:13).
Study Judges 2 this week in preparation for this coming Lord’s Day.